Spring 2013 Publications and Resources

State of the River Report
The State of the River Report highlights the history, status, and trends of 13 key indicators of water quality and river health in the Twin Cities metro Mississippi River. Developed over 15 months in partnership with a team of more than 30 scientific advisors, the report distills a wealth of river data down into simple terms that non-scientists can understand. By presenting clear and concise information on important factors of water quality and river health, the State of the River Report offers readers the opportunity to learn more about this resource and contribute to its protection and restoration. State of the River.

Journal of Industrial Ecology Special Issue: Sustainable Urban Systems
Volume 16, Issue 6, December 2012
Larry Baker, guest co-editor 
This special issue demonstrates how practical solutions to the development of sustainable cities can be achieved through studying urban metabolism, urban ecology, city carbon and water footprints, the dynamics of city growth, and the interdependency between social actors, institutions, and biophysical system flows.

Food Security and Vulnerability in the Lower Mekong River Basin
Eckman, Karlyn and Lilao Bouapao. 2012. 
AWRA's Impact Volume 14 No. 6, November
The Mekong is one of the world’s great rivers (listed as tenth longest in the world) and provides water necessary for sanitation and raising food for tens of millions of people. Fed by glacial meltfrom the Tibetian Plateau, the Mekong is vulnerable to flood, drought, and pollution. Thus the food supply for the region is vulnerable as well. The authors explore these vulnerabilities for the near and longer term.

Using Social Science Data to Evaluate Residential Stormwater Treatments in Duluth, Minnesota
Eckman, K., V. Were, V. Brady, J. Schomberg, R. Axler and C. Kleist. American Water Resources Association IMPACT
Volume 15 No 2, March 2013.

Improving Evaluation of International Water Projects Were, V. and K. Eckman
American Water Resources Association IMPACT
Volume 15 No 2, March 2013.

Whole-Watershed Phosphorus Balance as Practical Tool to Achieve TMDL Goals
Peterson, H. L. Baker, J. Ulrich and J. Nieber.
Minnesota Water Resources Conference, Oct. 16-17, 2012.
The goal of this project is to develop tools to support implementation of TMDL plans. The authors examine two tools: watershed P balances, and a hydrologic tool to assess flowpaths of nutrients.

Quantifying Nutrient Load Reductions Through Targeted, Intensive Street Sweeping – A Field Study by the University of Minnesota in Partnership with the City of Prior Lake
Kalinoski, K., L. Baker and S. Hobbie.
Minnesota Water Resources Conference, October 16-17, 2012.
Urban runoff is a major contributor of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) to urban lakes. High nutrient input causes lake eutrophication, characterized by high algae densities and low water clarity. Lowering nutrient inputs reverses eutrophication, resulting in lower algae densities and improved clarity. Cities struggle to find cost-effective ways to reduce nutrient export from their streets. Some control measures are very expensive: trapping phosphorus in stormwater ponds costs up to $500-1000 per kilogram using stormwater ponds and $1000-4000/lb using raingardens. In this study, the authors quantify the nutrient load reduction that can be accomplished by street sweeping. They hypothesize that street sweeping can be a highly cost-effective method for removing nutrients from streets, and hence from being washed into lakes, at least under some circumstances.

Importance of Hydrologic Pathways to Urban Nutrient Loading and Implications for Current Stormwater Management Practices
Janke, B. J. Finlay, S. Hobbie and L. Baker.
Minnesota Water Resources Conference, October 16-17, 2012.

Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
John Gulliver, editor. Springer, 2012.
What happens when a chemical is released into the environment? It diffuses, disperses, adsorbs, reacts, and/or changes state. To predict and analyze this process, the mathematics of diffusion is applied to lakes, rivers, groundwater, the atmosphere, the oceans, and transport between these media. A sustainable world requires a deep understanding of the transport of chemicals through the environment and how to address and harness this process. This volume presents a succinct and in-depth introduction to this critical topic. Featuring authoritative, peer-reviewed articles from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment represents an essential one-stop reference for an audience of researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, and industry professionals.