Characterization of Nitrifying Bacterial Populations in Wastewater Treatment Plants
Principal Investigator: Timothy LaPara, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering
USGS-WRRI 104B/ CAIWQ Competitive Grants Program
March 2002 - February 2004
Excessive nitrogen loading to the Mississippi River basin has been recently linked to the development of large hypoxic zone in the northern Gulf of Mexico. As a result, there is renewed interest in achieving complete nitrogen removal from municipal and industrial wastewater. One of the most critical challenges that must be addressed before complete nitrogen removal can be consistently achieved is to reduce and eliminate upsets in the nitrification process. Nitrifying bacteria are well known to be susceptible to numerous factors such as temperature, pH, and toxic compounds. One of the problems with eliminating nitrification upsets is that there is virtually a complete lack of knowledge regarding the community dynamics of nitrifying bacteria. The research will track both nitrifier community structure and total biomass at a municipal wastewater treatment facility for a period of one year. This research will identify the specific nitrifying bacteria that are associated with excellent nitrification efficiency, thereby leading towards the development of specific operational strategies to promote the growth of these nitrifying bacteria. In summary, this research will be an important step in reducing the total nitrogen loading to the Mississippi River basin and northern Gulf of Mexico.