Use of Arthrobacter aurescens for Remediation of Groundwater Contaminated with Triazine Herbicides

Project Staff: 

Principal Investigators: Michael Sadowsky, Professor, Department of Soil, Water, and Climate, Lawrence Wackett, Professor, Department of Biochemistry, and Marc G. von Keitz, Biotechnology Institute, University of Minnesota

Funding: 

USGS-WRRI 104B/ CAIWQ Competitive Grants Program

Project Duration: 

March 2005 - February 2006

Summary: 

Modern agriculture production practices rely heavily on the use of herbicides to control weed populations. Atrazine and simazine are widely used herbicide for the control of broad-leaf weeds in corn, sorghum, sugarcane, and other crops. Due to their widespread use over 50 years, these s-triazine herbicides are often detected in groundwater, sediments, and soils at levels exceeding the maximal concentrations set by the U.S. EPA. Remediation of pollutant-impacted environments is time-consuming, technically difficult and often cost-prohibitive, especially for herbicides making their way into groundwater aquifers . We have isolated and identified a gram-positive bacterium, Arthrobacter aurescens TCI that has the ability to degrade over 25 s-triazine compounds, including the herbicides atrazine, simazine, and ametryn. In doing so, this bacterium detoxifies these herbicides thereby ridding them from the environment. The research proposed here will be done in conjunction with studies funded by the University of Minnesota Biocatalysis Initiative, which will be used to develop a stable, highly-reactive biocatalyst formulation for groundwater clean-up. Initial studies done indicate that the production of such biocatalytical particles is feasible. In the studies proposed here, we will investigate the application and the use of these formulated bacteria to clean-up s-triazine ring compounds in groundwater and sediments, using both batch and column-based aquifer model studies. The results of this study will also be integrates in tan ongoing project by Dr. Patrick Hamilton, Director of Environmental Science and Earth-system Science at the Science Museum of Minnesota. His group will be making hands-on research displays demonstrating atrazine biodegradation to children for use at the Science Museum of Minnesota. The experimental plan focuses on integrating research efforts in microbial biology and engineering.

Publications: 

Research Presentations

Sadowsky, M. J. 2006. Genomic Insights into the Degradation and Bioremediation of s−Triazine Herbicides. IERC Workshop, Gwangju, Korea.

Sadowsky, M. J. 2006. Genomic Insights for the Degradation and Bioremediation of s−Triazine Herbicides. Osaka University−San Francisco Office Lecture, San Francisco, CA.